Who’s Responsible for Evil? – Exploring Thomas Merton, Hitler, and Kim Jong-un

Thomas Merton was a young man during World War II. He was drafted by the military, but even as a young man, Merton didn’t want to kill in war. At this stage in his life, Merton thought WWII was a just war, so he applied for the status of “non-combatant objector.” This would allow him to serve in the medical corps, carry stretchers, or work in a hospital. He would do any of those things, he wrote, “so long as I did not have to drop bombs on open cities, or shoot at other men.”

But Merton failed his physical exam because he had … bad teeth. That’s right. Merton had multiple teeth pulled from his mouth and he constantly struggled with toothaches. His mouth was so bad that the military didn’t want it.

Merton had a provocative view of WWII, and specifically of Hitler. Merton knew the evils of Nazi Germany and Hitler’s demonic leadership. But he also knew that in some way he and Hitler shared some things in common. Merton wrote in his autobiography, The Seven Storey Mountian, that he came to recognize that,

I myself am responsible for this. Hitler is not the only one who has started this war: I have my share in it too. It was a very sobering thought, and yet its deep and probing light by its very truth eased my soul a little.

How was Merton in any way responsible for WWII? He knew he was responsible for the inner demons that plagued his soul. He knew he was responsible for his part in the hostility that raged throughout the world. And because he was responsible, he knew he had to take ownership of his own demons, as opposed to projecting them onto someone else.

What would Merton say about our current political situation? Kim Jong Un and Donald Trump have both been characterized as hostile, evil, crazy, and irrational actors. If that characterization is true, Merton would say that they aren’t the only crazy, evil, and irrational actors. Labeling them this way allows us to separate ourselves from them far too easily. Like Merton felt that he bore some responsibility for WWII, so we also bear some responsibility for our global political situation that has grown so hostile that we wait on the verge of nuclear annihilation.

Discovering the truth that he bore responsibility eased Merton’s soul, at least a little. It eased his soul because it gave him a clear mission with his life. After realizing the truth, he decided to attend confession and Communion for the first time. Confession acknowledges the truth that none of us is completely innocent. We all bear some responsibility for the evil in the world. Communion allows us to receive the grace of God as we take into our bodies the nonviolent and universal love of Jesus and share it with one another.

In the face of evil, this was Merton’s greatest hope. And it may be our greatest hope, too.

Image: YouTube.

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3 replies
    • Adam Ericksen
      Adam Ericksen says:

      Hi Ulf!

      Thanks for the comment. Jesus does say deliver us from evil and do not resist an evil doer. Strangely, he also calls a group of Pharisees a brood of vipers. I could be wrong, but I think it’s fair to say he resisted the Pharisees. Paul also resisted Peter and the Jerusalem church in the debate over circumcision. So, it’s a tricky question. I personally think that Thomas Merton gives a pretty good example of how to resist evil as a follower of Christ. With humility and realizing that evil doesn’t just exist out there in Hitler, Kim Jong-un, Donald Trump, or our other favorite scapegoats. Evil exists within us, too. At least, that’s how I answer it at this point in my life. I’d be interested to read how you answer your question.

      Thanks again!

  1. Patricia
    Patricia says:

    Adam, I think your on to something. For Merton and Jesus it’s an inner seeking. If I don’t resistant my inner evil, I permit myself to look at it. See it for what it is. This is a deeply humbling experience. We get too caught up in pointing to outside ourselves and not look within. Jesus repeatedly said look within and love or self there we can love our Neighbors as ourselves.


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